The name, Parvus Effendi, on the list offered by Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu from the Republican People’s Party, or CHP, as an alternative to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s “names from the mosaic that is Turkey” triggered a recent debate on the identity of “Parvus Effendi.”
In a call for unity at a recent party convention, Erdoğan offered a list of prominent people who have contributed to Turkish cultural history, prompting a discussion by those who found the list lacking. One of them Kılıçdaroğlu suggested adding to the list was Parvus Effendi.
Parvus came into contact with members of the CUP in Istanbul. His name became synonymous with “train car commerce corruption” and “arms dealing,” from which he earned a considerable fortune. Parvus lobbied for Ottoman participation in World War I in alliance with Germany. He believed this alliance might be the force to bring down the czar’s regime. When Parvus left Istanbul in 1915, he increased his fortune by merchandizing iron, steel and coal in Stockholm. He made a considerable contribution to the 1917 revolution by helping Lenin return to Russia from exile. However, his demand to return to Russia after the revolution was denied. Parvus died in Germany in 1924.
The Committee of Union and Progress
The Committee of Union and Progress, or CUP, began as a secret society established as the “Committee of Ottoman Union” in 1889 and became a political organization, established by Bahaeddin Sakir among Young Turks in 1906, during the period of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The CUP came to power between 1908 and 1918. Some of its members continued their political careers in Turkey as members of political parties, including the Republican People’s Party.
Monday, October 12, 2009
ISTANBUL – Milliyet
for full story visit http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=who-is-parvus-effendi-2009-10-12